The denominator is the total number of children ages 0-2. The numerator is those who live in families with incomes below 100 percent of the federal poverty line. Note that this poverty rate does not match the rates published by the Census Bureau, because the public-use version of the American Community Survey is not complete.
This indicator was also reported by race/ethnicity. Survey respondents (typically parents) report the infant or toddler’s race and ethnicity. Respondents can select one or more of the following groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian Indian, Japanese, Chinese, Korean, Filipino, Vietnamese, other Asian, Native Hawaiian, Guamanian or Chamorro, Samoan, other Pacific Islander, and/or some other race. Ethnicity is asked as a separate question. Responses of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, and other Hispanic are coded as Hispanic, regardless of response to the race item. We then group the remaining non-Hispanic respondents into the following race categories for analyses: non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic Black, non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native, non-Hispanic Asian, non-Hispanic Other, and non-Hispanic multiple races.
Ruggles, S., Flood, S., Goeken, R., Grover, J., Erin Meyer, E. Jose Pacas, J. & Sobek, M. (2020). American Community Survey 2019, one-year estimates. (IPUMS USA: Version 10.0) [Data set]. IPUMS. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0