Percentage of infants/toddlers living in families with incomes below 150 percent of state median income

Percentage of infants/toddlers living in families with incomes below 150 percent of state median income

This is a new indicator for the State of Babies Yearbook:2022. The denominator is the total number of children ages 0-2. The numerator for this indicator is the number of children ages 0-2 with family incomes less than or equal to 150 percent of their state’s median income as of January 2018 – December 2019. To calculate the numerator, we took the following steps: a) obtained the state median incomes for 4-person families, by state as of October 1, 2018-September 30, 2019, from the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Information Memorandum; b) multiplied those numbers by 1.5 to get 150 percent of the state median income for 4-person families; c) calculated 150 percent of the state median income for families of different configurations, using the conversion provided in a table footnote in the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Information Memorandum; d) applied the relevant state median income threshold to each respondent in the 2019 1-year American Community Survey (ACS), based on their state and family size; and e) counted respondents whose family income was less than or equal to the 150 percent state median income threshold.
This indicator can be disaggregated by race/ethnicity and urbanicity. Race/ethnicity: Survey respondents (typically parents) report the infant or toddler’s race and ethnicity. Respondents can select one or more of the following groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian Indian, Japanese, Chinese, Korean, Filipino, Vietnamese, Other Asian, Native Hawaiian, Guamanian or Chamorro, Samoan, other Pacific Islander, and/or Some other race. Ethnicity is asked as a separate question. Responses of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, and Other Hispanic are coded as Hispanic, regardless of response to the race item. We then group the remaining non-Hispanic respondents into the following race categories for analyses: Non-Hispanic White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native, Non-Hispanic Asian, Non-Hispanic Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, Non-Hispanic Other, and Non-Hispanic multiple races. Urbanicity: Metropolitan areas include central/principal cities, metro areas outside of central/principal cities, and metro areas with central/principal city status indeterminable. Non-metropolitan areas are areas outside of metropolitan areas. Cases whose metropolitan status is indeterminable or mixed are excluded from the urbanicity subgroup analysis.

Sources:
Ruggles, S., Flood, S., Foster, S., Goeken, R., Pacas, J., Shouweilter, M., & Sobek, M. (2020). American Community Survey 2019, one-year estimates. (IPUMS USA: Version 11.0) [Data set]. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0
Administration for Children and Families, Office of Community Services. (2020). The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program IM 2018-3 state median income estimates for optional use in FY 2018 and mandatory use in FY 2019. https://www.acf.hhs.gov/ocs/policy-guidance/liheap-im-2018-3-state-median-income-estimates-optional-use-fy-2018-and

Not Ranked
This indicator does not factor into the category's GROW ranking.