Percentage of low-income infants/toddlers who are uninsured

Percentage of low-income infants/toddlers who are uninsured

Health insurance is an important financial backstop for families. An infant or toddler with a serious injury or illness can incur medical expenses that are overwhelming, particularly for families with low incomes. While health insurance coverage for this age group is nearly universal, some groups of children are still uncovered.
The denominator for this indicator is the number of children ages 0-2 living below 200 percent of the federal poverty line. The numerator is the number of these children who do not have health insurance at the time of the interview.
This indicator can be disaggregated by race/ethnicity and urbanicity. Race/ethnicity: Survey respondents report the infant or toddler’s race and ethnicity. Respondents can select one or more of the following groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian Indian, Japanese, Chinese, Korean, Filipino, Vietnamese, Other Asian, Native Hawaiian, Guamanian or Chamorro, Samoan, other Pacific Islander, and/or some other race. Ethnicity is asked as a separate question. Responses of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, and Other Hispanic are coded as Hispanic, regardless of response to the race item. We then group the remaining non-Hispanic respondents into the following race categories for analyses: Non-Hispanic White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native, Non-Hispanic Asian, Non-Hispanic Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, Non-Hispanic Other, and Non-Hispanic multiple races. Urbanicity: Urban residence is defined as living within a metropolitan area. Metropolitan areas include central/principal cities, metro areas outside of central/principal cities, and metro areas with central/principal city status indeterminable. Non-metropolitan areas are areas outside of metropolitan areas. Cases whose metropolitan status is indeterminable or mixed are excluded from the urbanicity subgroup analysis. We relied on ACS data from 2019 that do not include estimates for Puerto Rico for the urbanicity subgroups.

Source:
Ruggles, S., Flood, S., Foster, S., Goeken, R., Pacas, J., Shouweilter, M., & Sobek, M. (2021). American Community Survey 2019, five-year estimates. (IPUMS USA: Version 11.0) [Data set]. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V11.0

Not Ranked
This indicator does not factor into the category's GROW ranking.