Where children are born can affect their chances for a strong start in life. Babies need good health, strong families, and positive early learning experiences to foster their healthy brain development and help them realize their full potential.

This new profile provides a brief summary description of the demographics of Puerto Rico's infants and toddlers; and a snapshot of how they and their families are faring in each of the three policy domains wherever the data are available in the Yearbook's sources. Within each domain, view data for the available child and family indicators compared to U.S. national averages. Although currently limited data are available for Puerto Rico's profile, the indicators of well-being and policies offer context for exploring what may be very different experiences of the territory’s youngest children; and highlight the need for better data collection and reporting on all of America's babies and families.

Demographics

Puerto Rico
National Average

Puerto Rico is home to 3.2 million babies, representing 1.9 percent of the territory’s population.a As many as 84.2 percent live in households with incomes less than 150 percent of the territory’s median income for a family of four, compared to the national average of 77.3 percent.

Race and Ethnicity

The vast majority of families in Puerto Rico, including those with infants and toddlers, identify as Hispanic.b Although Hispanic ethnicity can apply to individuals of any race, the percentage of non-Hispanic families is too small to reliably report. Therefore, it is important to note that where indicator findings are presented by race and ethnicity in this profile, subgroup data are provided for Hispanic babies and families only.

Good Health

In Puerto Rico

Key Indicators of Good Health

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Puerto Rico
National Avg
Uninsured low-income infants and toddlers
Race/Ethnicity
Min: 0%
Max: 2.6%
American Indian/Alaska Native
Asian
Black
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Multiple Races
Other
White
Urbanicity
Min: 0%
Max: 0%
Urban
Rural*
*Numbers are small; use caution in interpreting.
Infants ever breastfed
Race/Ethnicity
Min: 0%
Max: 88.7%
American Indian/Alaska Native
Asian
Black
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Multiple Races
Other
White
Income
Min: 0%
Max: 95.4%
Low Income
Above Low Income
Infants breastfed at 6 months
Race/Ethnicity
Min: 0%
Max: 41.2%
American Indian/Alaska Native
Asian
Black
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Multiple Races
Other
White
Income
Min: 0%
Max: 58.7%
Low Income
Above Low Income
High weight-for-length
Race/Ethnicity
Min: 0%
Max: 7.8%
American Indian/Alaska Native
Asian/Pacific-Islander
Black
Hispanic
Multiple Races
Other
White
Received recommended vaccines
Race/Ethnicity
Min: 0%
Max: 65.7%
American Indian/Alaska Native
Asian
Black
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Multiple Races
Other
White
Income
Min: 0%
Max: 66.2%
Low Income
Above Low Income
*Numbers are small; use caution in interpreting.
Good Health Policies Where Data are Not Available for Puerto Rico
Medicaid expansion state
NA
CHIP maternal coverage for unborn child option
NA
Postpartum extension of Medicaid coverage
NA
Pregnant workers protection
NA
State Medicaid policy for maternal depression screening in well-child visits
NA
Medicaid plan covers social-emotional screening for young children
NA
Medicaid plan covers IECMH services at home
NA
Medicaid plan covers IECMH services at pediatric/family medicine practices
NA
Medicaid plan covers IECMH services in early childhood education settings
NA
Note: N/A indicates Not Available

Strong Families

In Puerto Rico

Key Indicators of Strong Families

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Puerto Rico
National Avg
Crowded housing
Race/Ethnicity
Min: 0%
Max: 5.6%
American Indian/Alaska Native
Asian
Black
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Multiple Races
Other
White
Income
Min: 0%
Max: 6.3%
Low Income
Above Low Income
Urbanicity
Min: 0%
Max: 0%
Urban
Rural*
*Numbers are small; use caution in interpreting.
Infant/toddler maltreatment rate (per 1,000 children ages 0-2)
*Numbers are small; use caution in interpreting.
Strong Families Policies Where Data are Not Available for Puerto Rico
Paid family leave
NA
TANF work exemption
NA
State child tax credit
NA
State Earned Income Tax Credit
NA
Note: N/A indicates Not Available

Use our interactive table to get a snapshot view of all states’ results on any Yearbook indicator in our three domains.

Compare Indicators Across States

Positive Early Learning Experiences

In Puerto Rico

Key Indicators of Positive Early Learning Experiences

Click Plus symbol to see selected indicators by subgroup.
Puerto Rico
National Avg
% Income-eligible infants/toddlers with Early Head Start access
Cost of care, as % of income married families
Cost of care, as % of income single parents
Positive Early Learning Experiences Policies Where Data are Not Available for Puerto Rico
Adult/child ratio
NA
Level of teacher qualification required by the state beyond a high school diploma
NA
Group size
NA
Infant/toddler professional credential
NA
Families above 200% of FPL eligible for child care subsidy
NA
Allocated CCDBG funds
NA
State reimburses center-based child care
NA
At-risk children included in Part C eligibility definition
No
Note: N/A indicates Not Available

a. Sources: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. Census Population Estimate for 2020. Index of /programs-surveys/popest/datasets/2010-2020/state/totals and U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. Census Vintage Population Estimates for 2020. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/technical-documentation/research/evaluation-estimates/2020-evaluation-estimates/2010s-detail-puerto-rico.html

b. Source: Census Bureau, 2021, Quick Facts: Puerto Rico. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/PR

Not Ranked
This indicator does not factor into the category's GROW ranking.
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